60 years of Yuri Gagarin's flight into space

On April 12, 1961, the Soviet Union launched the world's first spacecraft, the Vostok satellite, with a human on board. The pilot-cosmonaut of the Vostok satellite spacecraft is a citizen of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, pilot Major Yuri Gagarin.

Exactly 60 years ago, on April 12, 1961, the life of mankind was divided into "before" and "after", and that very photo of Yuri Gagarin in a spacesuit was forever imprinted in the memory of every Soviet citizen and Russian.

The first human flight into space-more than 60 years ago, many countries aspired to this, but it was in the USSR that it turned out to realize the dream and the global task. Everyone knows this story: on April 12, 1961, a young man named Yura, whom the whole world will later know as the Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. On the Vostok-1 spacecraft, he was the first in the

world to fly around the planet Earth in orbit. After that, a new, cosmic era of humanity began, and Gagarin became a global idol.

On April 12, 2021, a meeting of students of the 1st year of the Togliatti Academy of Management in the direction of "Management" in the number of 24 people with journalist Sergey Melnik took place. S. Melnik spoke about the significance of Yuri Gagarin's flight into space, why Gagarin was chosen for the first flight into space, what kind of man he was-the conqueror of space, how he lived and worked, how his childhood was spent.

An interesting fact in the story of Sergey Melnik was that our countryman Alexander Murysev made a great contribution to the creation and development of the aviation and rocket and space industry of the Soviet Union.

In the period from 1959-1962, A. S. Murysev was the first secretary of the Kuibyshev Regional Committee of the CPSU. As the first secretary of the regional committee of the CPSU in 1961-1962, A. S. Murysev received Soviet cosmonauts Gagarin, Titov, Nikolaev, Popovich, Komarov, who returned from the flight, who were undergoing post-flight rehabilitation at the regional committee dacha near Kuibyshev. It was he who initiated the tradition of welcoming the messengers of the Earth into space.

"The dacha of the regional committee was located on the high bank of the Volga, from the balcony of the third floor there was a beautiful view of the river, "wrote the head of cosmonaut training, Major General Nikolai Kamanin, in his book "Hidden Space " (entry dated April 12, 1961). – At about ten o'clock in the evening, everyone gathered around the table. Six cosmonauts, members of the State Commission, and heads of the region were present... Gagarin, Korolev, Murysev... they made toasts, but drank very little – it was felt that everyone was very tired. At eleven o'clock they went to their bedrooms. Thus ended this anxious, joyful, victorious day. The day of April 12, 1961, humanity will never forget, and the name of Gagarin will forever be written in history and will be one of the most famous."

"Yuri Alekseevich, come on in, make yourself at home..." So simply on April 13, 1961, Alexander Murysev met Gagarin at his dacha near Kuibyshev.

In Tolyatti, in the Komsomolsky district, there is a street that was named after A. S. Murysev in 1966.

Why do you need space exploration? Many of us will answer: for the development of science, the exploration of new possibilities, the search for other worlds where people could live as well as on Earth, and so on. But few people think that the very airless space where the silent stars reign is necessary to unite the hearts of all earthlings. Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov is sure that this is exactly the case: "When we, cosmonauts, astronauts, get together, we do not divide each other into "white" and "colored", Russians, Americans, Europeans. We are all children of the Earth, the children of God. Without flying, it would be harder for us to understand this simple truth."